Velehrad is regarded as an important centre of Great Moravia, where in 863 the scholars Cyril and Methodius were invited to bring Christianity, unify the local language and invent its written form. There is a beautiful basilica, visited in 1990 by the Pope John Paul II. It is a pilgrimage site where Christians used to meet in the communist times and nobody was able to stop them, not even the Minister of Culture in 1985, who came to talk them into stopping these gatherings, but he was booed him. Therefore, it is for us a symbol of defiance and freedom. Every year in July, People of Goodwill days are held, with rich spiritual and cultural programme (public holiday - the arrival of Cyril and Methodius).
Beautiful pilgrimage fairs take place on the feast of St. Anthony in June and then a thanksgiving at the end of August. People used to wear their folk costumes, whose colourful nature often appeared on canvas by painters like Joža Úprka. He had also invited here the sculptor Auguste Rodin from France, who was absolutely captivated by the experience. The spring water is described as miraculous and healing.
A majestic basilica minor above Olomouc, visited in 1995 by Pope John Paul II. There is a unique painting of the Virgin Mary with lightning, which was meant to offer protection from the Tatar invaders. Near the basilica stand 13 chapels of the Stations of the Cross, designed by Dušan Jurkovič (you know his architecture from Luhačovice).